The poet Dante Alighieri listed the following seven mortal vices and structurally related them as defects in the soul`s inherent ability to do good, as created in the divine image but perverted by the Fall: Depending on the country or jurisdiction, defects may or may not be treated as a separate category in the Penal Code. Even in jurisdictions where defects are not explicitly defined in the code, the term vice is often used in law enforcement and judicial systems as an umbrella for crimes involving activities considered inherently immoral, regardless of legality or objective harm. In the United Kingdom, the term vice is often used in law enforcement to refer to crimes related to prostitution and pornography.  In the United States, the term is also used to refer to drug, alcohol and gambling crimes.  Although it is not strictly a religion but a Hellenistic philosophy, Epicurean ethics prescribes a therapeutic approach to vices, with the aim of achieving a life of pleasure through virtues. Most of the techniques used in Epicureanism involve questioning false beliefs and attaining beliefs that are compatible with nature. Epicureanism postulates a completely naturalistic and non-religious theory of virtue and vice based on the rational pursuit of pleasure.  A vice is a practice, behavior or habit commonly considered immoral, sinful, criminal, rude, taboo, corrupt, degrading, deviant or perverted in associated society. In lesser use, the defect may refer to a defect, a negative character trait, a defect, an infirmity or a bad habit or unhealthy. Vices are usually associated with a transgression of a person`s character or temperament, not with their morality.  VICE. A term used in civil law and Louisiana, meaning a defect in a thing; an imperfection.
For example, epilepsy in a slave, roar and bite of the cradle in a horse are vices. Prohibitive trucks are those for which the seller is forced to cancel a sale and take back the item sold. Poth. Sale, 203; Code civ. by Lo. Kind. 2498-2507; 1 duv. No.
396. The Roman Catholic Church distinguishes between vice, which is a habit of sin, and sin itself, which is an individual morally reprehensible act. Note that in Roman Catholicism, the word “sin” also refers to the state that happens to you when you commit a morally reprehensible act. In this passage, the word always means the sinful act. It is sin, not vice, that robs someone of God`s sanctifying grace and deserves God`s punishment. Thomas Aquinas taught that “absolutely speaking, sin surpasses vice in wickedness.”  On the other hand, even after a person`s sins have been forgiven, the underlying habit (vice) may remain. Just as vice was created chiefly by repeatedly yielding to the temptation of sin, so vice can only be eliminated by resisting temptation and performing virtuous acts; The firmer the vice, the more time and effort it takes to remove it. St.
Thomas Aquinas says that after rehabilitation and the acquisition of virtues, vice does not persist as a habit, but as a mere disposition, and which is about to be eliminated. Medieval illuminated manuscripts circulated with colorful patterns for the development of appropriate attitudes, with biblical allusions modeled on nature: the tree of virtues as blooming flowers or vices bearing sterile fruit, the Renaissance writer Pietro Bembo is credited with affirming and promoting the Christian perfection of classical humanism. All derived from love (or lack thereof), his schemes were added as a complement to Alde Manutius` newly invented printing technology in his early 16th century editions of Dante`s Divine Comedy. In civil law, defects or defects in the object of sale are those that allow the buyer to return the item and claim the purchase price. A crime of vice is any type of immoral and illegal activity, such as prostitution, selling drugs and narcotics, and gambling. Mistakes, failure, fragility, weakness, vice mean imperfection or weakness of character. Error implies a failure not necessarily guilty to achieve a standard of perfection in temperament, action or habit. A writer with many virtues and few defects that fail indicates a small deficiency of character. Arriving late is a failure of my fragility implies a general or chronic tendency to give in to temptation. Human fragility Weakness refers to a harmless or amiable weakness or oddity. The charming vice of an eccentric may be a general term for any imperfection or weakness, but it often indicates the violation of a moral code or insult to the moral sensibilities of others. Gambling addiction was its vice In the Sarvastivadin tradition of Buddhism, there are 108 impurities or vices that are forbidden.
These are divided into 10 bonds and 98 inclinations.  The 10 bindings are: Middle English, English, Latin vitium fault, vice Synonyms for vice include error, sin, depravity, injustice, wickedness, and corruption. The antonym of vice is virtue.  A vice unit, also known as a vice-unit unit or morality unit, is usually, but not always, a police service focused on containment or punishment of moral crimes. Although what is considered or accepted by society as a moral crime often varies greatly from one nation, country or state to another depending on local laws or customs, it often includes activities such as gambling, narcotics, pornography and the illegal sale of alcoholic beverages.  Vice Commandos do not focus on more serious crimes such as fraud and murder. The avoidance of vice is an important theme in Jewish ethics, especially in music literature. Insult, sin, vice, crime, scandal are a violation of the law. A criminal offence is the violation of a law, rule or code. In this school, no offense has gone unpunished, sin implies a violation of moral or religious law.
The sin of blasphemous vice refers to a habit or practice that humiliates or corrupts. Considering gambling a crime of vice implies a serious crime punishable under state law. The murder scandal refers to a crime that offends the public conscience. A career ruined by a sex scandal Ibn abi Dunya, a 9th century scholar and teacher of the caliphs, described seven censorships (prohibitions of vices) in his writings: Christians believe that there are two kinds of vices: The modern English term that best captures its original meaning is the malicious word, which means “full of vice”. In this sense, the word vice comes from the Latin word vitium, which means “failure or defect.”   The first type of vice, although sinful, is considered less serious than the second. The vices recognized as spiritual by Christians are blasphemy (betrayed holiness), apostasy (betrayed faith), despair (betrayed hope), hatred (betrayed love), and indifference (biblically a “hardened heart”). Christian theologians have argued that the most destructive vice amounts to some kind of pride or complete idolatry of self. It is claimed that it is through this vice, which is essentially competitive, that all the worst evils arise. In Christian theology, it originally led to the Fall, and as a purely diabolical spiritual vice, it trumps all that is often condemned by the Church. Middle English vis-, vice-, from Anglo-French, from late Latin vice-, from Latin vice, ablative de vicis Traditional meaning of vice in English (with some legal use of this Latin concept in England and the United States in the nineteenth century) : (in Latin) Instead of; a defect.