“Science is a beautiful gift to humanity; We should not distort it. – A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, scientist and former President of India According to the Special Rapporteur on cultural rights, Karima Bennoune, “The destruction of cultural property with discriminatory intent may be considered a crime against humanity, and the deliberate destruction of cultural and religious property and symbols may also be considered evidence of intent to destroy a group within the meaning of the Convention on the Prevention and Suppression of Rights. of man. Crime of genocide”. The right to safe drinking water and sanitation is essential for the full enjoyment of life. In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly formally recognized “the right to safe drinking water supply and sanitation as a human right essential for the full enjoyment of life and all human rights” (A/RES/64/292). To address major human and environmental crises, UNESCO considers access to water and sanitation “as a prerequisite for the realization of several other human rights, such as the right to life, dignity, health, food, a standard of living and adequate education”. One of the great unattained objectives of the UN`s ill-fated predecessor, the League of Nations, was the protection of minorities. Charles Malik, the Lebanese author who made important contributions to the UDHR when it was drafted between 1946 and 1948, was a staunch defender of the rights of minority groups.

He wants to ensure that members of minorities are protected from extreme forms of assimilation. In the end, the declaration did not contain a separate article on the rights of persons belonging to minorities, but the term “culture” is understood to also refer to the “way of life” of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities. It is about preserving diversity. The protection and promotion of culture is a human rights requirement. The right to participate in cultural life guarantees the right of everyone to access, participate in and enjoy culture, cultural heritage and cultural expression. A people-centred approach to development, based on mutual respect and open dialogue between cultures, is essential to protect heritage, strengthen creative industries and promote cultural pluralism. The full realization of this right depends on concrete measures to preserve, develop and disseminate culture. In 1947, UNESCO established a committee headed by intellectuals, philosophers and political scientists.

The objective of the Committee was to examine the philosophical foundations of human rights in order to highlight the convergences between different cultures and schools of thought and to facilitate the elaboration of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Universal Declaration of Human RightsFull text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a milestone in the history of human rights and international relations The Convention for the Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003) and the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (2005) are important milestones that show that cultural rights are inextricably linked to human rights. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the present Declaration without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction may be made on the basis of the political, judicial or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it is an independent, fiduciary, non-self-governing country or any other limitation of sovereignty. See and listen to people from all over the world reading articles from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in more than 80 languages. Within the United Nations system, five specific rights fall under UNESCO`s direct competence: Yet the Internet we have today is not multilingual enough to reflect the full depth and breadth of humanity. At best, 7% of the world`s languages are covered by published documents, and an even smaller proportion of these languages are available online. UNESCO was founded on the conviction that the intellectual and moral solidarity of humanity, as well as respect for justice and human rights, are essential for lasting peace.

Everyone has the right to social security as a member of society and to the right to the realization of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality, through national efforts and international cooperation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State. In response to deliberate attacks on monuments and sites of cultural or religious significance and increasing population displacement in conflict zones, UNESCO has sought to integrate access, participation and contribution to cultural life into humanitarian responses to crisis situations. UNESCO`s normative framework emphasizes the need for an approach to the protection, restoration and conservation of cultural heritage that promotes universal respect for cultural rights by all, and reaffirms the commitment of States to respect, protect and fulfil cultural rights in the field of cultural heritage. This includes the role of indigenous communities in the production and preservation of intangible cultural heritage. Conflict, climate change and economic inequality continue to trigger massive population movements and make societies increasingly diverse. Ensuring that all – host and displaced communities – can continue to access, participate in and benefit from their culture remains a challenge. Everyone has the right to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in the present Declaration can be fully realized. Article 27 states that everyone has the right to participate freely in the cultural life of the community, to share in scientific progress and its benefits, and to be recognized for his own work. This article firmly integrates cultural rights as human rights for all.

They refer to the pursuit of knowledge and understanding and creative responses to an ever-changing world. A prerequisite for the implementation of Article 27 is to ensure the necessary conditions for everyone to be able to continually think critically and have the opportunity to question, examine and contribute ideas, regardless of borders. Article 27 is closely linked to articles 22 and 29, which stipulate that economic, social and cultural rights are essential to human dignity and the development of the human personality. Taken together, they show the determination of the UDHR authors not only to ensure basic minimum standards, but also to help us become better people. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and must meet in a spirit of brotherhood. In some circles, the question of whether humans are causing climate change, or whether climate change even exists, is treated as a matter of personal faith rather than rigorous science. And academic publications have expressed concern about what has been called the “rise of populist antagonism against the influence of experts.” In 2018, a group of 58 experts wrote an open letter condemning an inappropriate sense of balance that creates “a false equivalence between overwhelming scientific consensus and a heavily funded interest-based lobby” that deliberately sows doubt. Climate change is real, they said: “We urgently need to focus the debate on how to tackle the causes and effects of dangerous climate change,” because the alternative, they said, will be “catastrophic.” Universal Declaration of Human Rights – Amnesty InternationalOverview of the UDHR by Amnesty International, an international human rights NGO 30 articles out of 30 articles – Article 27: Right to cultural, artistic and scientific lifeExplanatory articles on each right contained in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights Everyone has the right to an effective remedy before the competent national authorities. Courts for acts contrary to the Constitution or the law.