“Since 1988, substance use has been monitored every four years among elementary students (Grades 7 and 8) and all regular secondary classes. The last survey was conducted in 2011. For elementary students, questions about illicit drug use were limited to cannabis. Methodological details were described in the 2012 National Report and in ST. “The results showed that elementary school children (Grades 7 and 8) had little experience with cannabis. In 2011, only 0.3% of them had ever smoked a joint. “Table 2.3.1 shows changes in lifetime prevalence and Table 2.3.2 shows the prevalence of past-month drug use among secondary school students aged 12 to 18 (see also ST02). The percentage of past-month cannabis users gradually decreased between 1996 and 2003 and remained stable in 2007 and 2011. Lifetime and last-month use was higher among boys than girls (20.7% and 13.9%, respectively; last month: 10.5% and 4.8% respectively). There were no differences between the different grade levels.

Overall, prevalence rates for other drugs peaked in 1996, then declined and remained stable between 2007 and 2011. Lifetime use of ecstasy remained the highest and heroin use remained the lowest in all years (2.6% and 0.6% respectively in 2011). A government committee submitted a report on cannabis to the Dutch government in June 2011. It suggests that cannabis containing more than 15% THC should be labeled as a hard drug. [46] Higher concentrations of THC and drug tourism have challenged current policies and led to a review of the current approach. Like what. A ban on the total sale of cannabis to tourists in coffee shops from the end of 2011 has been proposed, but currently only the border city of Maastricht has adopted the measure to test its feasibility. [47] According to the first measure, starting in 2012, each café should operate as a private club with approximately 1,000 to 1,500 members. To be eligible for a membership card, applicants should be adult Dutch citizens, membership should only be allowed in one club. [48] [49] The Dutch divided drugs into two groups based on their impact on human health – soft and hard drugs.

Hard drugs such as cocaine, LSD, morphine, heroin are banned in the Netherlands as in any other country. The Netherlands tolerates the sale of soft drugs in coffee shops. A coffee shop is an establishment where cannabis can be sold under certain strict conditions, but alcoholic beverages cannot be sold or consumed. The Dutch government does not prosecute members of the public for possession or use of small amounts of soft drugs. [34] “Twenty years ago, the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport (VWS) created the Drug Information and Monitoring System (DIMS). DIMS looks at the chemical content of drugs, health risks and observes trends. Drugs are collected from users who bring their drugs to an organization affiliated with DIMS for control. These organizations have weekly office hours. This method of drug collection provides an opportunity to share information between testing facility staff and users.

The user is informed of the composition of the medicinal product supplied and warned of the risks. The data collected in this way is used for drug education, prevention and policy. In addition, the data is used to inform the network of organizations participating in DIMS. “Acute health risks to users may arise, for example if additional pollutants are detected in medicines. In the event of such acute health risks, the DIMS launches a national or regional alert campaign, red alert. In 2011, DIMS issued two warnings at the national level. The first national alert targeted the risks associated with the use of ecstasy tablets contaminated with PMMA [paramethoxymethamphetamine], and the second national alert targeted pills containing a high dose of MDMA. In the first six months of 2012, approximately 4,000 people attended DIMS facility consultation hours, or approximately 160 people per week.

A total of 4,421 samples were delivered, of which approximately 176 were collected weekly (DIMS 2012) (see also § 10.3). “At the request of the current cabinet, DIMS has expanded its tasks with regard to the Report Desk New Drugs (Meldpunt Nieuwe Drugs, MND). The MND monitors new psychoactive drugs that frequently appear on the market, such as mephedrone, 4-MEC or MDPV. These new drugs raise questions about the identity of users and the existing (health) risks. On a dedicated website (www.meldpuntnd.nl/), users can report new drugs anonymously and possibly describe their experiences with these drugs. According to a European study, the prevalence of alcohol consumption by drivers in the Netherlands is 2.2%, compared to a European average of 3.5%. Cannabis use by drivers (1.7%) is higher than the EU average of 1.3% (SWOV factsheet 2011). According to the Road Traffic Act, it is forbidden to drive under the influence of a (illegal) substance that impairs the ability to drive. The Ministers of Safety, Justice and Transport are preparing a bill to amend this law to better identify these drivers.

Part of the bill seeks to give police investigators the authority to use an oral fluid screening device as a screening method to determine drug use by road users. The legal proof remains a blood test. GHB consumption can only be detected with the help of a blood test. As with driving under the influence of alcohol, limits are set for driving under the influence of drugs (e.g. 50 micrograms per litre for amphetamine and cocaine and 3 micrograms per litre for THC). A special commission has proposed limiting blood levels per drug in line with international practice. Since some substances are present in the body and measuring devices are not sensitive enough, zero limits are not achievable. This bill uses behavioural limits, that is, it sets a limit beyond which driving abilities are impaired. There are fewer victims of drugs and drug use than of alcohol use (T.K. 29398-236; T.K. 32859-3; TK32859-7). The penal provisions are much softer than those that apply to hard drugs.

In addition, a distinction is made between drug addicts and drug traffickers. Possession of soft and hard drugs for commercial purposes is therefore considered a more serious offence than possession for individual use. For soft drugs, the penalty ranges from one month`s imprisonment and/or a fine of €2,250 for possessing, selling or producing a maximum of 30 grams to a maximum of four years` imprisonment and/or a fine of €45,000 for importing and exporting large quantities. “Hashish and marijuana (cannabis) are acceptable risk drugs and their sale is tolerated in coffee shops. The conditions are set by both the government and local politics. Café owners can own up to 500 grams. If they have more in stock or do not comply with other regulations, the local police can intervene, depending on the harassment caused and local politics. The government has developed guidelines that coffee shops must follow to be tolerated. These rules are the guidelines of the Ahojg. They mean: No advertising (A); No sale of hard drugs (although the term “hard drugs” is not official, it is mentioned in the guidelines and refers to Schedule I drugs) (H); No harassment (O); No sale of drugs to young people under 18 years of age and no access of young people to coffee shops (J); No sale of large quantities (max.

5 grams per transaction) (G). The Netherlands is a party to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 and the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988. The 1961 Convention prohibits the cultivation of and trafficking in natural drugs such as cannabis; The 1971 treaty prohibits the manufacture of and trafficking in synthetic drugs such as barbiturates and amphetamines; And the 1988 Convention requires states to criminalize the possession of illicit drugs: profits may not be an immediate benefit of a non-criminal, public health approach to drugs, but we must ask ourselves what kind of value systems we stand for: violence and profit at all costs, even if they come from sick or imprisoned people or promote compassion. Peace and security and the health and psychological well-being of the individual? The www.amsterdam.info website strives to provide the best possible and reliable tourist information about the beautiful city of Amsterdam. We do not consider drugs a tourist attraction and do not recommend trying them. The subject of drug abuse is so complex that the information in this short article may not be complete in our opinion. We warn our readers about the deadly dangers of drug abuse to human health. The Opium Act distinguishes between drugs with a low risk of harm and/or dependence, so-called soft drugs, and drugs with a high risk of harm and/or dependence, known as hard drugs. Soft drugs include hashish, marijuana, sleeping pills and tranquilizers, while hard drugs include heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, LSD and ecstasy. The policy was to largely tolerate the sale of soft drugs while severely suppressing the sale, circulation and consumption of hard drugs, effectively separating them into two markets. Establishments that are allowed to sell soft drugs in certain circumstances are called coffee shops. [3] Laws passed in January 2013 required coffee shop visitors to reside in the Netherlands, but these laws were only enforced in Zeeland, North Brabant and Limburg after much local criticism.

[4] [5] Possession of a soft drug for personal use in quantities below a certain threshold (5 grams of cannabis or 5 cannabis plants) is tolerated, but larger quantities or possession of hard drugs may result in prosecution.